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Memorialisation Principles, Post-Civil War Reintegration and the Quest for Sustainable Peace in Nigeria, Philip Ademola Olayoku (2017)

Philip Ademola OLAYOKU, 2017

Mnemonic devices have remained integral to human learning processes through history, as man continues to grapple with his existential experiences. Such epistemological consideration considers knowledge as a universal experience of recall, whereby events, objects, texts and processes are commited to memory. However, threats to Nigeria’s sociopolitical life has been the reverse of this logic with the erasure of History from the curriculum of secondary schools until the recent attempts at its restoration.

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Searching for Knowledge and Recognition, Traditional Qur’anic Students (almajirai) in Kano, Hannah Hoechner (2013)

Hannah Hoechner investigates an educational practice that is widespread in Muslim West Africa. ‘Traditional’ Qur’anic schools, whose students live with their teacher and earn their own livelihood (often through begging), have become the subject of much public concern and anxiety. Hannah Hoechner explores the experience of such Qur’anic students (pl. almajirai; sg. almajiri) in Kano State in northern Nigeria.

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IFRA Special Research Issue vol. 2

With an estimated population of about 130 million and over 250 ethnic nationalities, Nigeria ranks the most populous country in black Africa. It is also one of the most resource-endowed countries in the continent, having an enormous stock of natural resources that include petroleum, bitumen, gold, coal, and bauxite. Its soil and climate are suitable for an all-year round farming and there is ample distribution of rivers for commercial fishing. Many observers (Achebe, 1983; Ayida, 1990; Fasanmi, 2002) have therefore argued that, given the vast pool of human and natural resources at its disposai, Nigeria should have emerged one of the richest countries not only in Africa but in entire the world.

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IFRA Special Research Issue Vol. 1

 The ugly phenomenon of terrorism has a long history, it hit the world like a thunderstorm in the 1970s, especially with the 1972 Black Septembist kidnapping of Jewish athletes during the Munich Olympic, and the plane hijacking that led to the Israeli raid on Entebbe airport in 1976 to free Jewish hostages, however, it was the September 11, 2001 attacks by suicide bombers against the United States that transformed terrorism into a new kind of warfare: they hijacked three separate civil aircraft and turned them into instruments of mass destruction by crashing them into the twin towers of the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon, the July 7, 2005 multiple bombing of London confirms to a great extent this new thinking of about terrorism.

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Community Vigilantes in Metropolitan Kano 1985-2005, Rasheed Olaniyi (2005)

by Rasheed Olaniyi, 2005

Kano is a city where a multi-layered form of community policing was established in the era of the rollback of the state in social provisioning in the midst of ever-increasing armed banditry and crime. Between 1985 and 2005, vigilante groups were established in almost all the neighbourhoods of Kano with the support of the traditional authority and community leaders. However, government interference, political instrumentalisation and inadequate support undermined its critical rote. Part of the rationale for the Police Community Relations Committee (PCRC) in Sabongari lies not in the efficacy of such initiative in reducing the incidence of crime but to confer a sense of identity, control of crime and security. The contradiction in PCRC could be located in the pathological fixation of police on corruption, which alienated and depressed the public from providing valuable information for crime control. The activities of vigilante groups and Hisba have reduced the high rate of juvenile delinquency in metropolitan Kano. The litmus test for Hisba in the implementation of Sharia law would be how it could reconcile the social diversity in a multicultural society such as Kano to ensure security and social harmony. The study concludes that the gap between different forms of vigilante groups, conflicting political motivations and the near discordant relations with the police, produced a dysfunctional mechanism for crime control.

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Gated Neighbourhoods and privatisation of urban security in Ibadan Metropolis, Oluseyi Fabiyi (2004)

by Oluseyi Fabiyi, 2004

One of the consequences of the failure of the state to protect life and property of its entire citizens especially in developing countries like Nigeria is the emergences of private alternatives to crime prevention and control. This process of privatisation of security in Nigeria often involves recruitment of corporate and local security guards, vigilantes, night watchmen and the control of access into the neighbourhoods through gates and barriers. The book examines the nature, types, procedures, and administration of these private alternative to security in Ibadan metropolis. It identifies renaissance of primary affiliation among diverse urban residents and the interplay of forces of exclusion and inclusion among residents of gates neighbourhoods in Ibadan metropolis. It also evaluates the spatial pattern, trends and dynamics of gating and the general concern for security in Ibadan metropolis.

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Infrastructure Development and Urban Facilities in Lagos, 1861-2000, Ayodeji Olukoju (2003)

by Ayodeji Olukoju, 2003

First words

Ayodeji Olukoju is Professor and Head, Department of History, University of Lagos. A First Class Honours graduate of the University of Nigeria. Nsukka. and holder of the M.A. and Ph.D. Degrees in History of the University of Ibadan. He has authored and co-edited several books and monographs, including Maritime Trade, Port Development and Administration (Tokyo, 1996), Nigeria Peoples and Cultures (Ibadan 1997) and Positive Leadership in Colonial and Post-Colonial Africa (Ikorodu, Nigeria, 2002). Professor Olukoju has contributed well over 50 essays as chapters in books and articles in leading specialist and Africanist journals in the fields of maritime, transport, labour, urban, economic and social history. He is also a member of the editorial board of African Economic History (Madison), Afrika Zamani: Journal of the Association of African Historians (Dakar) and Journal of Cultural Studies (Ago-Iwoye), and is the co-editor of Lagos Historical Review.

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Nigeria during the Abacha Years (1993-1998): The Domestic and International Politics of Democratization, Kunle Amuwo, Daniel C. Bach and Yann Lebeau (dir.) (2001)

by Kunle Amuwo, Daniel C. Bach and Yann Lebeau (dir.), 2001

The autocratic regime of Sani Abacha (1993-1998) stands out as a watershed in the history of independent Nigeria. Nigeria’s darkest years since the civil war resulted from his unrestrained personal rule; very close to the features associated with warlordism. Nepotism, corruption, violation of human rights, procrastination over the implementation of a democratic transition, and the exploitation of ethnic, cultural or religious identities, also resulted in the accumulation of harshly repressed frustrations. In this book, some distinguished scholars, journalists and civil society activists examine this process of democratic recession, and its institutional, sociological, federal and international ramifications. Most of the contributions were originally presented at a seminar organized by the Centre d’Etude d’Afrique Noire (CEAN) in Bordeaux.

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Youth, Street Culture and Urban Violence in Africa [Proceedings of the International Symposium held in Abidjan, 5-7 May, 1997], Georges Hérault and Pius Adesanmi (1997)

Georges Hérault and Pius Adesanmi

First lines (French version)

Etant donné l’urbanisation extrêmement rapide du continent au cours du dernier quart de ce siècle et sachant qu’une majorité de la population citadine est constituée de jeunes – à titre d’exemple, 54,8 % de la population de Dakar a moins de 20 ans – s’attacher aux problèmes de la jeunesse urbaine revient à s’intéresser à un large pan de la population. La simple fréquentation de n’importe quelle grande ville livre par ailleurs à l’observation la suroccupation de la rue en tant qu’espace public : à sa fonction de lieu de passage et d’interaction sociale fortuite s’est ajoutée celle de lieu d’activité socio-économique quasiment permanente. La rue est devenue marché : transactions, démarchage, colportage y fleurissent, mais aussi prostitution, drogue, agressions, vols et crimes de toute sorte. La rue est devenue un exutoire, une alternative qui fascine, la rue est devenue le bouillon d’une culture nouvelle qui, selon les lieux, coexiste avec ou supplante carrément les espac...

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