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The Architecture of Fear: Urban Design and Construction Response to Urban Violence in Lagos, Nigeria

by Tunde Agbola, 1997

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About a decade ago, on November 4, 1985, the Times International of London reported that crime was prevalent in Nigeria. Lives were no longer safe... he nation was being crippled by an insecurity problem posed by criminals. Prominent Nigerians, whose interests eut across all walks of life, had their lives terminated through gruesome murders. Announcements concerning stolen vehicles were a daily feature on the news. Now, more than ten years later, the situation has become more frightening. Not only is the incidence of violence becoming more frequent, the nature of the crimes, especially armed robbery and murder, have become more heinous. There is daily news of bolder and more sophisticated crimes. Lives and property no longer seem safe anywhere in the country. Both the rich and the poor suffer the same fate, and the whole society appears helpless in the face of urban violence. Everybody seems to live one day at a time in fear of tomorrow. Increasing societal sophistication and modern...

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Ethnic Minority Conflicts and Governance in Nigeria

by Rotimi T. Suberu, 1996

Ethnic Minority Conflicts and Governance in Nigeria explores and analyses the underlying sources and salient features of recent ethnic minority conflicts in Nigeria, the largely controversial policies by which the Nigerian state has sought to contain these conflicts, and the prospects and preconditions for a more stable and equitable system of federal governance in the country. Through an insightful examination of two most recent minority conflicts in the country, the author probes the contemporary problems of ethnic minorities. He appraises the management of the conflicts by the State, and proffers appropriate policy responses for the resolution of the country’s ethnic minority problems. The book is recommended to policy makers, students of history and political science, academicians and the general public.

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Informal Channels for Conflict Resolution in Ibadan, Nigeria

by Isaac Olawale Albert, Tinu Awe, Georges Hérault and Wuyi Omitoogun, 1995

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This is a study of the informal channels of conflict resolution among people living in Ibadan. Although the informal channels of justice are generally preferred by the poor because they cannot afford to hire an attorney, this study has shown that informal channels are often the first choice of citizens who wish to solve their conflicts outside a court of law. Poverty is a global problem, but is more widespread in the developing nations.1 For any society to achieve sustainable development the problem of poverty has to be addressed. In this regard, the seminal work of Professor John Iliffe on the problem of poverty in Africa is instructive. Iliffe identified a number of areas which require research: the identity of the poor; their numerical strength; their characteristics; their location, most especially within the urban system; the reasons for their poverty; what they think and do about their problems; and what the larger society thinks and does about them...

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Urban Research in Nigeria

by Adepoju Onibokun and Adetoye Faniran, 1995

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Research Background Nigeria is one of the most urbanized African countries south of the Sahara. Some of Nigeria’s urban centres have a history which dates back to antiquity. Indeed, a great deal of research exists on the urban environment in Nigeria, but it has never been compiled into a comprehensive reference book. The bulk of studies done on the urban environment is in the form of journal articles and university-based theses and dissertations or government reports. As a result, knowledge of the existing research on the urban environment in Nigeria is limited, and many researchers embark on projects only to discover that their research amounts to a duplication of effort. One of the first bibliographies on African urban development was compiled by Richard Stren in 1989, which, although it included some references to Nigeria, did not include anything on the research environment.

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A Dangerous Awakening: The Politicization of Religion in Nigeria

by Iheanyi M. Enwerem, 1995

Students of religion and interested observers of politics in Africa will cherish this book for providing a thorough analysis of the origin and politics of the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN). A Dangerous Awakening chronicles the religious clashes in Nigeria, and shows how religion has been used in the struggle for political power. Dr. Enwerem bases his study on interviews and unpublished memos, papers and letters not otherwise accessible to the public. This book is an invaluable contribution to the study of contemporary politics and religion in Nigeria Of the few Nigerians qualified to write on this important topic, Dr. Enwerem is the best... Reflective, thorough and mature, he has written a brilliant account of the most dynamic organization of Nigerian Christianity during the 20th century. The book teaches, challenges and provokes - qualities that define an outstanding work that will stand the test of time.

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Trends of Migrant Political Organization in Nigeria: The Igbo in Kano

Eghosa E. Osaghae, 1994

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After a long period of neglect and apparent abandonment by many scholars, the study of ethnicity in Nigeria and other parts of Africa has been revived, and with as much vigor as that which attended its ascendancy in African studies in the 1960s. The reasons for the reawakening are not surprising: economic depression and consequent migration have forced people back to interest-begotten weapons like ethnicity, in the desperate struggle to survive; democratic processes have resurrected old unsettled issues of nationhood, power sharing and resource allocation, much of which was swept under the carpet by authoritarian regimes, or simply wished away. Civil wars and violent conflicts have heightened ethnic tension and conflicts in several states; and, of course, there is an increasing recourse to the ethnic weapon by major competitors for state power, some of whom openly condemned ethnicity in the past.

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The Frontier States of Western Yorubaland: State Formation and Political Growth in an Ethnic Frontier Zone

Biodun Adediran, 1994

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In West Africa, as elsewhere in the world, ethnic boundaries are not easy to fix. Constant population expansion and the resultant socio-cultural contacts among different ethnic groups often frustrate such attempts; and it becomes difficult to decide where one ethnic group begins and where another ends. This problem is particularly difficult in a ‘frontier zone’ where two or more ethnic groups overlap and where inter-ethnic contacts over a fairly long time have blurred the ethnic differences among them.

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Urban Violence in Africa : Pilot Studies (South Africa, Côte-d’Ivoire, Nigeria)

Eghosa E. Osaghae, Ismaila Touré, N’Guessan Kouamé, Isaac Olawale Albert and Jinmi Adisa. 1994

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This study has moderate objectives. It uses existing perspectives on violence in general, as a background for focusing on violence in the urban context. The major thesis is that towns and cities, as the hubs of political, economic and social processes, as well as social change, provide the locale for analysing the usually complex and interrelated forms of violence. The structural and spatial inequalities often found in towns, and the growth of slums and un-and underemployed sub-cultures, provide the milieu for the proliferation of violence, particularly against the existence of relatively high levels of opulence. By their very nature therefore, cities provide an enabling environment for violence, arising from individual and mass frustration caused by relative deprivation, political repression, and systemic injustice. For these reasons, the urban framework of revolution has been emphasized by many scholars, but this is only one part of the totality of violence. The urban ...

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